Joseph Holt

Timeline

Our Brewery, based in the heart of Manchester, has over 150 years of brewing history within its walls. We have seen quite a lot change since we started brewing back in 1849, to both the Brewery and the great city of Manchester.

We have been here so long we really do feel part of Manchester?s history and hopefully its future. With well over 100 pubs in the city, we are part of its fabric.

From one mans dream to brew his beer in Manchester, to receiving International gold awards for brewing the best lagers in the World, to raising millions of pounds for charity, we are proud of our history and our part in a city's evolution.

From the birth of Joseph Holt in the early nineteenth century, the Brewery and the city have seen some good times and some dark days. The timeline below highlights some notable dates.

1801 ~ 1900: Let the story begin

1801

Population of Manchester grows to 70,000

1813

Joseph Holt is born

The second youngest child of a weaver, Joseph is born in Unsworth, a village north of Manchester

1819

Peterloo Massacre

The Peterloo Massacre (or Battle of Peterloo) occurred at St Peter's Field, Manchester, England, on 16 August 1819, when cavalry charged into a crowd of 60,000–80,000 that had gathered to demand the reform of parliamentary representation.

1821

The Manchester Guardian begins publication

Known as The Manchester Guardian until 1959 this world-renowned broadsheet paper was still edited in Manchester until 1963.

1831

Population of Manchester grows to 142,000

1840's

Joseph Holt arrives in Manchester to work at the Strangeways Brewery

1849

Joseph Holt starts brewing his own beer

1852

Manchester’s first public library opens

1855

Joseph Holt takes over the Ducie Bridge Brewery

Joseph’s first major expansion was by taking over this Brewery based on York Street (now Cheetham Hill Road).

1860

Joseph Holt begins work on The Derby Brewery

In December, Joseph took out a 999 year lease on a piece of land owned by the Earl of Derby’s estate where he began work on The Derby Brewery.

1861

Joseph Holt acquires his first new pub the Wellington Hotel, Eccles

1861 ~ 1865

American civil war plunges Manchester’s textile industry into depression

1877

The Manchester Town Hall is built

Manchester Town Hall is a famous example of Victorian, Neo-gothic architecture. Designed by architect Alfred Waterhouse, it occupies a triangular site facing Albert Square. The exterior is dominated by the clock tower, which rises to 87 metres (285 feet) and houses Great Abel, the clock bell.

1878

Manchester United founded as Newton Heath LYR

Newton Heath Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Football Club was established in 1878. The team played on a pitch at North Road and were initially outfitted in green and gold jerseys. By 1892, they had been admitted to the Football League. The club remained in the area until 1893, when it moved to new premises at Bank Street in nearby Clayton. The name was changed to Manchester United Football Club in 1902.

1880

Manchester City founded as St. Mark’s

Members of St. Mark's Church of England, West Gorton, founded the football club that would become known as Manchester City, for largely humanitarian purposes. Two church wardens sought to curb local gang violence and alcoholism by instituting new activities for local men.

1881

Joseph Holt Brewery grows to employ 8 people and the estate expands

1882

Control of the Brewery passes to son Edward

Edward Holt, later to become Sir Edward Holt takes control after working with Joseph since 1875.

1886

Joseph Holt dies

1886 ~ 1892

Joseph Holt buys 27 new tied houses

1894

The Manchester Ship Canal opens

Construction began in 1887; it took six years and cost about £15 million (equivalent to about £1.65 billion as of 2011). When the ship canal opened in January 1894 it was the largest river navigation canal in the world. Although it enabled the newly created Port of Manchester to become Britain's third busiest port—despite the city being about 40 miles (64 km) inland—the canal never achieved the commercial success its sponsors had hoped for.

1896 ~ 1899

During the Brewery/Publicans war Joseph Holt acquire 42 new tied houses

1899

Production doubles over the last decade to 40,350 barrels

1900

Joseph Holt Brewery expands to employ 60